[3], Vatnajökull is Europe's largest glacier outside the arctic, with a surface area of 8,100 km2. Vatnajokull National Park encompasses an enormous area in south Iceland and was officially formed in 2008 by joining together Jokulsargljufur and Skaftafell National Parks. From mid-June to mid-August, rangers guide daily interpretive walks at Ásbyrgi and Skaftafell. Nowhere in Iceland, with the exception of Mýrdalsjökull glacier, does more precipitation fall or more water drain to the sea than on the south side of Vatnajökull. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor: See 3,170 traveller reviews and photos of Vatnajokull National Park tourist attractions. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in November. These areas are an important habitat for reindeer and pink-footed geese. When established, the park covered an area of 12,000 km , but with recent additions of Lakagígar, Langisjór, Krepputunga and Jökulsárlón (including its surrounding areas) it now covers 14,141 km or approximately 14% of Iceland, making it Europe's second largest national park in terms of area after Yugyd Va in Russia. On this tour, maximize your time on Falljökull glacier by traveling as near as possible in a four-wheel-drive vehicle. Skaftafell, the jewel in the crown of Vatnajökull National Park, encompasses a breathtaking collection of peaks and glaciers. It was originally a manor farm, and was established as a national park in 1967 in an effort to preserve the flora and fauna of the region. Long ago, huge glacial floods carved out the canyon of Jökulsárgljúfur in the northern reaches of this plateau. I want to travel in a maximum group size of up to: Thank you for signing up! It was founded on September 15, 1967, and enlarged twice afterwards. The Western Territory extends over the south-western part of Vatnajökull and a large area outside the glacier, including Lakagígar craters and Langisjór. The visitor centres in Ásbyrgi and Skriðuklaustur are open from the beginning of May throughout September, but can be opened during winter on appointment. [1], On 5 July 2019, Vatnajökull National Park was inscribed as a World Heritage Site. Containing 12,000 km 2 the park covers about 12% of the surface of Iceland. Organize and share wildlife pictures you like. Whether you want to see wild animals in their natural habitat or learn about wildlife protection, with 7 wildlife tours in Vatnajokull National Park lasting from 4 days up to 9 days, you're sure to find a wildlife holiday that will astound you. It covers an area of 12,000 square kilometers (4,600 sq mi) and could be explored for weeks at a … Around lake Mývatn, you will find hot springs, abundant birdlife, and a multitude of volcanic structures. Vatnajökull National park was established in 2008 and covers all of Vatnajökull glacier and surrounding areas including Skaftafell in the south and Jökulsárgljúfur in the north. North-east of the ice cap it drops to between 350 and 450 mm per year, the lowest in Iceland. Easy. Vatnajökull also holds the tallest peak in Iceland beneath its ice; Hvannadalshnjúkur is 2,… Let's take a trip to Vatnajökull Park. Precipitation in low-lying areas south of the Vatnajökull ice cap is considerable, ranging from 1,000 mm a year to 3,000 mm per year. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Vatnajökull National Park (in Icelandic: Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður) is one of three national parks in Iceland. A visitor centre and a campsite are located in Ásbyrgi, along with a campsite in Vesturdalur. The Southern Territory extends throughout the south-eastern part of Vatnajökull, or from Lómagnúpur mountain in the west to Lón and Lónsöræfi in the east. The scenery encircling the glacier is extremely varied. [3] Generally measuring 400–600 m in thickness and at the most 950 m, the glacial ice conceals a number of mountains, valleys and plateaus. Vatnajökull is an ice cap in southeast Iceland that gives its name to the larger national park in the area. The unique qualities of Vatnajökull National Park are primarily its great variety of landscape features, created by the combined forces of rivers, glacial ice, and volcanic and geothermal activity. Temperatures can fall quite low in clear and calm weather during winter. The difference in temperature can be 10 °C or greater. The southernmost part of the glacier envelops the central volcano Öræfajökull and Iceland's highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur. Humid, rather cool air rises as it nears the highlands; condensation then falls in the highlands as rain while warmer, drier air flows down to lower ground on the other side. The dynamic interaction of ice and fire over time has been the single most important factor in shaping the nature of the Park, creating an extraordinary variety of landscape features whose origin is in the combined forces of volcanic and geothermal activity, rivers and glacial ice. These include the national parks previously existing at Skaftafell in the southwest and Jökulsárgljúfur in the north. We have reviews of the best places to see in Vatnajokull National Park. Jökulsárgljúfur is the northernmost part of Vatnajökull National Park, with separate boundaries, but geographically connected to the rest of the park by the glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum. Vatnajökull has a surface area of approximately 8,100 square kilometres (3127 square miles); though it is rapidly shrinking due to climate change, its recession is not quite as advanced as at other glaciers, such as Langjökull and Mýrdalsjökull. Southerly winds generally mean little or no precipitation in the north, along with higher temperatures. Vatnajökull National Park (Icelandic: Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður) is one of three national parks in Iceland. [2], Vatnajökull National Park was established on 7 June 2008. The visitor centre in Skaftafell is open all year round. The volcanoes of Askja, Kverkfjöll and Snæfell tower over this region, together with the volcanic table mountain Herðubreið. Most of the national park's highland area is however inaccessible during the winter. The Eastern Territory includes Kverkfjöll mountains and north-eastern Vatnajökull, as well as the expanses of Snæfellsöræfi. Pandas & Yangtze Cruise from Shanghai - 17 Days, Private four days tour to Bucovina and the Republic of Moldova, 2 Nights London, 4 Nights Paris & 3 Nights Rome, Best Of Ireland & Scotland - Preview 2021 (14 Days). Vatnajökull National Park covers roughly 13,200 km2, around 13% of Iceland, and it’s one of Europe’s largest. The park was established in 2008 when the Vatnajökull ice cap was added to two existing national parks, Skaftafell and Jökulsárgljúfur, to create the 14,141 sq km (5,460 sq miles) Vatnajökull National Park. Top Vatnajokull National Park Parks & Nature Attractions: See reviews and photos of parks, gardens & other nature attractions in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor. In 2008 Skaftafell National Park and Jökulsárgljúfur National Park were combined into Vatnajökull National Park. These sands are mostly composed of ash which stems from the frequent eruptions at Grímsvötn and is brought to the coast by jökulhlaups, or glacial floods. Wildlife Tours in Vatnajokull National Park Whether you want to see wild animals in their natural habitat or learn about wildlife protection, with 8 wildlife tours in Vatnajokull National Park lasting from 4 days up to 9 days, you're sure to find a wildlife holiday that will astound you. All rights reserved. Vatnajökull National Park was founded in 2008 on the foundation of Skaftafell National Park and Jökulsárgljúfur reserve. It is the largest National Park in Europe. Skaftafell National Park. Save up to 50% on tours! Towards the north, the highland plateau is divided by glacial rivers, with powerful flows in summer. Vatnajökull National Park spans the largest glacier of Iceland, vast highland areas, volcanoes, rivers and lakes. Vast, varied and spectacular, Vatnajökull National Park was founded in 2008, when authorities created a megapark by joining the 8300-sq-km Vatnajökull ice cap with two previously established national parks: Skaftafell in southeast Iceland and Jökulsárgljúfur in the northeast. Some departure dates offer you the chance to book this tour with a lower deposit. During the summer, national park rangers offer short walks with an emphasis on nature interpretation. Top Things to Do in Vatnajokull National Park, East Region: See Tripadvisor's 6,809 traveller reviews and photos of 13 things to do when in Vatnajokull National Park. Top Vatnajokull National Park Nature & Wildlife Tours: See reviews and photos of nature & wildlife tours in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor. In parts, it is a kilometre deep (over three thousand feet), and its average thickness is around half of that. A land of shifting glaciers, lava fields, sudden glacial floods, ice caves, unique wildlife, fresh glacial rivers, and deep canyons — all of which showcase the dynamic nature of … Size. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The mighty Dettifoss waterfall still thunders into the upper end of this canyon, while the scenic formations at Hljóðaklettar and the horseshoe-curved cliffs of Ásbyrgi are found farther north. Vatnajokull Glacier, Vatnajokull National Park: Address, Phone Number, Vatnajokull Glacier Reviews: 5/5 The weather can vary considerably in an area as extensive as that covered by the National Park with its wide range of elevations. National park rangers conduct patrols and provide educational services in the park's highland areas. Temperatures range between 10 °C and 20 °C in summer, while winters are rather mild (the thermometer rarely falls below -10 °C and the temperature is often well above freezing point). A visitor centre and a campsite are located in Skaftafell. Drones are therefore banned at Dettifoss waterfall, Ásbyrgi canyon and Jökulsárgljúfur canyon, among other places. Ódáðahraun Krepputunga. Top Vatnajokull National Park Tours: See reviews and photos of tours in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor. 16 Nov 2020 - Find & Book the top-rated and best-reviewed tours in Vatnajokull National Park for 2020. Sheltered by the high ice, the vegetated oasis of Skaftafell overlooks the black sands deposited to its west by the river Skeiðará. The park covers about 14% of Iceland and is one of the largest national park in Europe. The same applies to westerly or south westerly winds, which bring warmer weather in the east. Vatnajökull National Park Introduction Vatnajökull National Park, established in 2008, encompasses not only all of Vatnajökull glacier but also extensive areas surrounding it. Precipitation increases closer to the north coast and in parts of the highlands such as at Askja. Apart from Vatnajokull Glacier, the National Park includes some highly regarded natural marvels; huge glacier rivers, stunning canyons, beautiful glacier lagoons and … Hikers will find plenty of hiking routes within Skaftafell. Read more Ódáðahraun Krepputunga. In fact, so much water is currently stored in Vatnajökull that the Icelandic river with the greatest flow, Ölfusá, would need over 200 years to carry this quantity of water to sea.[4]. This operator allows you to rebook your dates or tours with them for free, waiving change fees. The Northern Territory consists of north-western Vatnajökull, Askja caldera and its surroundings, Jökulsárgljúfur canyon and some of Jökulsá á Fjöllum riverbed. Top Vatnajokull National Park Nature & Wildlife Tours: See reviews and photos of nature & wildlife tours in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor. High winds and storms are common, and therefore wind-chill has to be taken into account as the wind can have a substantial effect on outdoor comfort, even when the ambient temperature is relatively high. By submitting this form, I agree to the TourRadar. Further north beyond the ice cap, annual precipitation decreases. You'll receive a welcome email soon. Guðmundur Ögmundsson, a park ranger in Vatnajökull National Park, says the decision was primarily taken to protect wildlife in the area and to ensure guests can experience the park in peace and quiet. The park was founded on June 7th, 2008 and includes the former Skaftafell and Jökulsárgljúfur National Parks. From mid-June to mid-August, park visitors can join park rangers on short walks around the park. Ice, snow, cold. It encompasses all of Vatnajökull glacier and extensive surrounding areas. The south side of Vatnajökull is characterised by many high, majestic mountain ridges, with outlet glaciers descending between them onto the lowlands. In the highlands, most ranger stations offer daily interpretive walks from early July until mid-August. It offers one of the best hikes in Iceland.For an easy hike trek up to Svartifoss waterfall or take on the ultimate challenge of Hvannadalshnúkur. This process happens everywhere above the snowline on the Vatnajökull ice cap. Temperatures on the southern part of the ice cap are almost always below zero in winter and can reach -20 °C or -30 °C. Substantial volcanic activity also characterises the landscape west of Vatnajökull, where two of the world's greatest fissure and lava eruptions of historical times occurred, at Eldgjá in 934 and Lakagígar 1783-1784. In its southwestern part, Lakagígar is a series of craters formed during the Skaftáreldar eruption in 1783 which left behind lava flows extending over 60 km. The northern part of Vatnajökull National park and surrounding area is a magnificent landscape full of geological wonders. #Vatnajökull National Park. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in September. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor: See 3,209 traveller reviews and photos of Vatnajokull National Park tourist attractions. It even hides some active central volcanoes, of which Bárðarbunga is the largest and Grímsvötn the most active. Most of the animals species are nocturnal to adapt to the darkness. Northerly winds bring clouds, with cool and possibly wet weather in the north of the country, while the south is brighter and milder. This is the result of the phenomenon of foehn wind. An information centre is located in Kirkjubæjarklaustur, jointly run by the national park and the local community. Vatnajökull National Park is divided into four territories, each of them locally managed. On 7 June 2008, it became a part of the Vatnajökull National Park.. The park is home to Iceland's highest mountain (Hvannadalshnúkur), largest glacier (Vatnajökull), and Europe's most … Top Things to Do in Vatnajokull National Park, East Region: See Tripadvisor's 3,202 traveller reviews and photos of 13 things to do when in Vatnajokull National Park. 3 talking about this. The opening times of the stations vary from area to area, with the first rangers arriving when the relevant highland roads are opened, soon after the middle of June, and the last rangers leaving at the end of September. Information centres in co-operation with the national park are run in Höfn, Hoffell, Hólmur and Skálafell. A visitor centre is located at Skriðuklaustur. In order to determine the suitability of the Vatnajökull property, UNESCO appointed the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to perform a technical evaluation of the world heritage nomination, resulting in their approval of the site in July. Vonarskarð, northwest of the glacier, is a colourful high-temperature area and a watershed between North and South Iceland. A big part of tours in Iceland include tours to explore the different areas of Vatnajökull: on foot, by boat or by airplane. While the icecap rises at its highest to over 2,000 m above sea level, the glacier base reaches its lowest point 300 m below sea level. In the mountains and on the ice cap itself, annual precipitation can reach to between 4,000 and 5,000 mm, for the most part in the form of snow. We have reviews of the best places to see in Vatnajokull National Park. A Glacier lagoon in Vatnajökull national Park. From prices and availability to reviews and photos, Tripadvisor has everything you need to create that perfect itinerary for your trip to Vatnajokull National Park. Vatnajökull National Park was established on 7 June 2008. Vatnajökull National Park is a natural marvel where active volcanoes meet arctic ice in a constant battle for survival. It presents incredibly diverse and dramatic scenery including glacial plateaus, active volcanoes, towering ice caps, black-sand beaches, and terrain that is bubbling with geothermal activity. Established in 2008 by combining Iceland’s former Jokulsargljufur and Skaftafell National Parks, Vatnajokull National Park is one of Europe’s largest national parks. Copyright © TourRadar. Skaftafell National Park was a national park, situated between Kirkjubæjarklaustur, typically referred to as Klaustur, and Höfn in the south of Iceland.On 7 June 2008, it became a part of the larger Vatnajökull National Park.. With an area of 7,900 km², Vatnajökull is the largest ice cap in Europe by volume (about 3,000 km³) and area (not counting the still larger Severny Island ice cap of Novaya Zemlya, Russia, which may be regarded as in the extreme northeast of Europe). The list of things to do in Vatnajökull National Park includes highlights such as activities on the glacier, Svartifoss waterfall, and Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon. Get exclusive access to members only deals by email. This summer, Vatnajökull National Park was deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Private companies offer guided glacier walks and other activities within the national park. When established, the park covered an area of 12,000 km2, but with recent additions of Lakagígar, Langisjór, Krepputunga and Jökulsárlón (including its surrounding areas) it now covers 14,141 km2 or approximately 14% of Iceland, making it Europe's second largest national park in terms of area after Yugyd Va in Russia. The reverse is true of easterly winds, which bring coolness and precipitation in the east and dry, better weather in the west of Iceland. Vatnajökull National Park - North. The depth of snow on Öræfajökull after a high-precipitation winter is between 10 and 15 m. Some of the snow will melt, while the rest forms glacial ice. […] ; Vatnajökull is a hiker’s paradise. VIEW. Ice Cave, Vatnajökull, Iceland – Most Beautiful Spots MostBeautifulSpots. Many glacier tours in Vatnajökull National Park require travelers to walk from the parking lot to the glacier terminus, eating into their time on the ice. Broad wetlands and expansive ranges distinguish the areas near the glacier and farther east, around Snæfell. Skaftafell National Park was a 4,807 square kilometer park located in southern Iceland. These include the national parks previously created at Skaftafell in the southwest and Jökulsárgljúfur in the north, so that the national park now covers 13% of Iceland and ranks as Europe’s largest. Vatnajökull National Park in Iceland is the largest national park in Europe. "Vatnajökull National Park on World Heritage List", "Vatnajokull National Park | South Iceland | Iceland Travel", "Vatnajökull National Park - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", Official website of Vatnajökull National Park, Ministry for the Environment in Iceland: Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður, Vatnajökull National Park – dynamic nature of fire and ice, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vatnajökull_National_Park&oldid=988814639, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Vatnajökull National Park - dynamic nature of fire and ice, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 11:57. Ice Cave, Vatnajökull, Iceland – Most Beautiful Spots MostBeautifulSpots. ( over three thousand feet ), and its average thickness is around half of that consists! Offer you the chance to Book this tour, maximize your time on Falljökull glacier traveling! 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