Closely related to the Asiatic species Dioscorea hispida[300. (4) Striated muscle contraction was inhibited by pretreatment with d-turbocurarine. A dictionary of the economic pro ducts of the Malay peninsula, Vol. Dioscorea species, popularly known as Yam worldwide and as Ban Aalu in Odisha, India, is a prime staple medicinal-food substitute for the majority of rural and local people of the state of India. and reaching a length of several meters. Leaves, The Kurot or Nami (Dioscorea hispida Dennst.) They are herbaceous plants with twine. - Occurs in India to China and Taiwan and through Malaya to New Guinea. Known to be poisonous when fresh, caution and careful process will be made to make the root crop edible. London: Bailliere Tindall, 1981., p. 217 (3) The method for removing alkaloid dioscorine in Dioscorea hispida is explored in this research through a soaking process. The possible reasons for its toxicity include the toxic effects of diosbulbin B and D on hepatocytes, the inhibition of antioxidant enzymes in liver mitochondria, and inhibition of enzymes that ordinarily metabolize the herb’s components. • Antitumor / Antioxidant: Study evaluated D. hispida against an animal model of Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma. • Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic: alkaloids and hydrogen cyanide in free and bound forms, high moisture content and a disposition to post harvest deterioration. Study showed processing and modification resulted properties comparable to American wheat flour. GERMAN: Bittere yamswurzel, Giftige yams. I (A-H), PP. Results showed the crude aqueous leaf extract to possess potent hypnotic activities, supporting its therapeutic effect for insomnia. Study evaluated the dioscorine content of D. hispida dried tubers in Thailand. - Growing wild, chiefly in thickets • Starch-Based Hydrogels / Disinfectants: Novel Dioscorea hispida starch-based hydrogels (19) - Tuber crop is an important source of carbohydrates; has been used a staple foods during WWI. (13) D. hispida contains neurotoxic dioscorine, an isoquinuclidine alkaloid causes nervous system paralyze. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DIHI7) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DIHI7) Wildlife. SOME GENERA...ARE POISONOUS, CONTAINING THE ALKALOID DIOSCORINE, WHICH HAS A PICROTOXIN -LIKE ACTION. - Extracts of tubers yielded hydroxybenzoic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid, and their derivatives. (16) This … / Ana Joy P. Padua / Thesis/Dissertation 2014: University of the Philippines / Herdin Record #: PCHRD14061816344943  The present invention, comprised of the crude aqueous extract of Dioscorea hispida, an indigenous plant from the Philippines, has been shown to have sedative, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. - Roots used as food by the Ayta communities from Porac, Pampanga. clothes and abaca fibers. Additional - Use poultice of freshly pounded material or decoction as external wash. Poison - Poison - Plant poisons (phytotoxins): The study of plant poisons is known as phytotoxicology. Toxicity and bitterness in Australian Dioscorea bulbifera L. and Dioscorea hispida Dennst. from Thailand Native Introduced Native and Introduced. and its uses as a supplementary food supply among the Hanunuo Mangyans of Mindoro, Philippines, TROPICAL YAM-TUBER (DIOSCOREA HISPIDA DENNST. Pinatubo / Elena M. Ragragio*, Cynthia Neri Zayas** and Jasper John A. Obico* / Philippine Journal of Science, 142: 169-181, Special Issue - A mature gadung tuber weighs up to 15 kg, each 100 g of tuber (wet basis) yields 20 g of carbohydrates, 78 g water, 1.81 g protein, 0.16 g fat, 0.93 g fiber and 0.69 ash. Preliminary findings and documented nutritive value suggest the tuber as a potential source of phytochemicals for cosmetic, pharmaceutical or dietary antioxidant use. hauls huge potential as an organic corrosion inhibitor replacing synthetic inorganic corrosion inhibitors in the market and is harmless to the environment and does not require enormous processing scale. • Poison: Juice of tubers used in criminal poisoning. - - Despite known toxicity, in Thailand, where it is referred to as Kloi, tubers are used to make a dessert called Kao Nuew Kloi. short, sharp spines. (Agbor-Egbe and Treche, 1995). Studies have revealed that Dioscorea hispida tubers contain a poisonous substance called alkaloid dioscorine. J. Pharm & Ind. Even though there are Read more about the prescription drug WILD YAM (Dioscorea villosa) - ORAL. An alkaloid was present, more or less uniformly distributed, in both cortical and medullary parts. - In Kerala, India, tuberous herb cooked with salt, chili, tamarind and tumeric powder and used as curry. leaves on Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma in Swiss Albino Mice, Utilization of Nami Roots (Dioscorea hispida) as an Additive in Citronella, Neem and Eucalyptus Oil-Based Mosquito Repellent, Dioscorine content in Dioscorea hispida dried tubers in Thailand by TLC-densitometry and TLC image analysis, Useful Plants of Selected Ayta Communities from Porac, Pampanga, Twenty Years after the Eruption of Mt. BIBLIOGRAPHY BURKILL, I. H. 1935. / Leyva, Jose F; Gutierrez, Eusebio / Journal of the Philippine Islands Medical Association, 1937; Vol 17, No 6: pp 349-356 - Yellow flesh tubers reported to have a better taste than white flesh tubers. - Resistant starch is slowly digested in the lower parts of the GIT, with slow release and absorption of glucose. Analysis and identification of phenolic compounds in Dioscorea hispida Dennst / Sudawadee Theerasin* and A.T. Baker / As. scaphoides Prain & Burkill Dioscorea lunata Roth Dioscorea mollissima Blume Dioscorea triphylla var. - Study yielded a saponin glycoside, diosgenin. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . Study evaluated the dioscorine content of D. hispida dried tubers in Thailand. The wild forms are certainly toxic and therefore are sometimes utilized to poison animals whenever combined with bait. - - Neurotoxicity manifestations range from dizziness, altered consciousness, muscle paralysis and seizures. Wild-crafted. Most of the poisonous higher plants are angiosperms, or flowering plants, but only a small percentage are recognized as poisonous. ex Klotzsch & Garcke Helmia daemona (Roxb.) The primary active ingredient in Dioscorea species, diosgenin is D. hispida is reported at 57µg/g dw. Distribution In the harvesting aspect, an innovative hand tool were conceptually designed to replace the traditional hoe or “cangkul”. daemona (Roxb.) - Rarely cultivated. 2nd ed. known as a yam (Internationally) is used as an alternative food and a medicinal material at some places in Indonesia. Food Ag-Ind. Gadung (Dioscorea hispida) March 10, 2020 Gadung (Dioscorea hispida) is a plant species in Dioscoreaceae, shrubs, trunks and climbing on hard-stemmed plants with convoluted direction always turning to the right from the root, 5-20 m long, producing tubers for … • Toxicity Study: Study An ethanolic extract showed significant anticancer activity at varying doses, increasing survival, and decreasing tumor burden. This Stand Alone Discorine Removal Machine is used to replace and reduce the human work in the production, operating by circulation of water and fully automated. Dioscorea hispida var. J. hairy, the lateral ones oblique, oblong-ovate, the terminal one equilateral, oblong to oblong-obovate. - Caution: See toxin removal. Toxicological Studies of Nami, Dioscorea hispida, Dennst. leaf extract using balb/C mice. Wild yams make a significant contribution to diets of tribal people in Nepal. Dioscorea hispida, also known as the Indian three-leaved yam, is a species of yam in the genus Dioscorea, native to South and Southeast Asia. Ethnobotany and Distribution of Wild Edible Tubers in Pulau Redang and Nearby Islands of Terengganu, Malaysia / M. Nashriyah, M. Y. Nur Athiqah, H. Syahril Amin, N. Norhayati, A. W. Mohamad Azhar, M. Khairil / World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 60 2011 Dioscorine content in Dioscorea hispida dried tubers in Thailand by TLC-densitometry and TLC image analysis / Nonglapat Sasiwatpaisit, Worathat Thitikornpong, Chanida Palanuvej / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2014; 6(4): pp 803-806 Various plant parts used in whitlow, sores, boils, and bites of rabbit, jackal or dog. 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