These words cannot be ignored, as they were written by a true apostle among the twelve. ". 1:19), and whom Paul identifies as an "apostle" (Gal. For in, 6. In line with the Apostolic decision to exclude Paul, in 62 AD the Epistle of James the Just appears. 11. This reflects again that the 12 treated Pauline doctrines of that era with disapproval. 3. And because Paul’s view of grace was contrary to the true Jesus' teaching in Luke 16:32-34 and 17:8-9 about a merited grace ("charis" used 4x by Jesus). Marcion asserted that Paul was the only apostle who had rightly understood the new message of salvation as delivered by Christ. There was no room for a 13th apostle, as Jesus said 2x that there would only be 12 into eternity. 17-18 Have some of you noticed that we are not yet perfect? Second, "Ebionites [was] a designation at first...a common name for all Christians, as Epiphanius (d. 403 AD) testifies. Indeed, I have been crucified with Christ. Apostle Paul's Accomplishments When Saul of Tarsus, who was later renamed Paul, saw the resurrected Jesus Christ on the Damascus Road, Saul converted to Christianity . Hence, Jesus in Revelation 2:1-14 condemned twice Paul's authority and teachings in just 14 verses. Paul clearly did so, only restricting doing so when around someone who thought it was wrong to do so. See 1 Cor. (G. Ulhorn, "Ebionites," A Religious Encyclopedia (ed. TEXT: Galatians 2:1-10. 21 I do not treat the grace of God as meaningless. For example, Irenaeus (early 100s -202 AD), wrote that the Ebionites from an early stage "use the Gospel of Matthew only, and repudiate...Paul, maintaining that he was an apostate from the Law." It was 14 years later, before Paul went to Jerusalem again. Paul lacked authority to preach, and his own letters make it clear that he did not possess a letter of recommendation from the authorities that Jesus instituted. Notice in both examples that each says this wisdom was "nonsensical," impossible "to follow" or "difficult to understand." It was eating meat sacrificed to idols (Rev. There Paul also met James, the brother of Jesus, but no other apostles. Augustine points out that Paul contradicts faith alone in 1 Cor. The epistle of the third bishop of Jerusalem -- Jude -- was a "bolt hurled at the head of Paul. All rights reserved. 2 1-5 Fourteen years after that first visit, Barnabas and I went up to Jerusalem and took Titus with us. Given his accpetance by the apostles and the elders in Jerusalem, all (or virtually all) Christians have accepted his letters as inspired and as part of the New Testament. If a living relationship with God could come by rule-keeping, then Christ died unnecessarily. The Ebionites Exclude Paul's Writings as Written by an Apostate. Many have degraded Paul’s writings as though his writings have no place in the Bible. Hardly a commendation! Christ lives in me. 21. Paul did not become an apostle in the same manner as did the rest of the apostles. Recognizing that my calling had been given by God, James, Peter, and John—the pillars of the church—shook hands with me and Barnabas, assigning us to a ministry to the non-Jews, while they continued to be responsible for reaching out to the Jews. If I was “trying to be good,” I would be rebuilding the same old barn that I tore down. And are you ready to make the accusation that since people like me, who go through Christ in order to get things right with God, aren’t perfectly virtuous, Christ must therefore be an accessory to sin? These wolves in sheep's clothing thereby denied the authority of the true Lord Jesus. As Ezra Palmer Gould, a Christian professor, explained in The Biblical Theology of the New Testament (MacMillan 1900). Marcion believed Jesus was the savior sent by God, and Paul the Apostle was his chief apostle, but he rejected the Hebrew Bible and the God of Israel. After the Jesus of Damascus visited Paul on a road outside Damascus, Paul rushed to Jerusalem to see the 12 Apostles to tell them what happened. 2 I went there because God revealed to me that I should go. James J. posted a challenge against the Jesus' Words Only principle. Then three years later, Paul went to Jerusalem, and spent a brief time with Peter over two weeks. In the Greek Septuagint translation of the Bible from 257 BC, the Hebrew word for "seduce" or "turn away" is translated in Greek in Deut 13:10 as the active verb form of "apostasia" meaning to "turn away." The Apostles Accept Paul. This distrust of Paul by the apostles continued. Luke records no positive apostolic response in Acts 9:26-31 et seq to Barnabas' introduction of Paul to the apostles. Augustine -- the 'father' quoted most often by Luther and Calvin in support -- likewise said the epistle of Apostle Peter known as Second Peter confirmed James' critiques, and that Peter added a critique of Paul's epistles as "hard to understand." And because Paul’s view of grace was contrary to the true Jesus' teaching in Luke 16:32-34 and 17:8-9 about a merited grace ("charis" used 4x by Jesus). Obviously first because the true Jesus endorsed the Law in Matthew 5:17-19. First, James, the Bishop of Jerusalem and brother of Jesus (. (By the way, their reputation as great leaders made no difference to me, for God has no favorites.) At that time I placed before them exactly what I was preaching to the non-Jews. Here are 12 proofs: 1. the 12 apostles had refused to give him a commendation in writing as Paul had hoped. 2:14) -- something Paul endorses multiple times unless you are around a "weak" brother who thinks it is wrong. Next, Jude said this person and his followers also teach Balaam's error. The fact that the Apostle Paul lived outside ancient Israel is another factor that made it unnecessary for him to pay tithes. See this Link. (No great surprise, right?) Given Paul's epistles could not be hid for long, James and the Apostles who followed Deuteronomy 13:1-10 would have in a reasonable time after Acts 21 found out about Romans 7:1-7. This passage is thoroughly treated in Jesus' Words Only. ); (Gal. But Luke says nothing about the 12 accepting Paul as a believer, let alone as a 13th apostle of the true Jesus which Barnabas' speech does not claim for Paul. 2:6). Third, Peter equates Paul's writings with the "other Scriptures." 1:18. 8. Haer. The earliest church that traces to the 12 apostles known as the Ebion -- the Poor -- did exclude Paul from canon -- a well-known fact that is generally ignored. Even when he was about a four-days’ journey west in Thessalonica, they sent aid and Paul continued to accept. Would that mean Christ has led us into sin? Absolutely not! For no one will ever be made right with God by obeying the law.”[d]. He made three long missionary journeys throughout the Roman Empire , planting churches, preaching the gospel, and giving strength and encouragement to early Christians . 22. Hence, we can confidently say that the Ebionites were the same as the Jamesian apostolic church at Jerusalem. In them, scholars found a remnant writing for the community known as the EBION at Jerusalem whose leader -- the Zaddik - the "JUST ONE" in Hebrew -- was battling the "Spouter of Lies" over whether "works" were necessary for righteousness besides faith. Peter (2 Pet 3:16-17) clearly considered Paul’s writings inspired. Paul taught that earning grace this way necessarily leads to human boasting (Eph. Luke provides an entirely mute response from the 12 other than the rejection of Paul cited in verses 26-31 quoted above. 10 Their only suggestion was that we keep on helping the poor, which I have always been eager to do. This person / persons "secretly gained" admission among Christians, and "perverted" grace / favor as taught by the true Jesus, rendering it "licentious." This fits the label Zaddik -- a Hebrew word meaning Just One. See link. "The Apocalypse [i.e., Revelation of Jesus by John] ... represents an unqualified opposition to Paul....The Apocalypse [is] anti-Pauline." Apostasy is a charge that one is violating Deuteronomy 13:1-10 where one with true prophecy and signs and wonders is a false prophet solely because one tries to "seduce" and "turn away" another from "the Law given you" -- implicitly in context the Ten Commandments. Contemporary Latter-day Saints like their New Testament to resemble in every particular the structure and leadership of their own 21st-century church, so it’s discomfiting to realize that Paul’s ap… See Paul Admits Often He Is Not Inspired. 20. How could Paul be an apostle when those seats were already filled? 16, defending Paul, says: "The epistle of Jude is nothing but a bolt hurled at the head of Paul....". Of the 27 books in the New Testament, 13 are attributed to Paul, and approximately half of another, Acts of the Apostles, deals with Paul’s life and works.Thus, about half of the New Testament stems from Paul and the people whom he influenced. The Apostle Paul, the writer of fourteen books of the twenty-seven in the New Testament, is called sexist, bigoted, homophobic, and more. The early church commentators and Second Peter spoke of Paul's "wisdom," not his inspiration. Many claim Jesus and yet reject the apostle Paul. 13 As a result, other Jewish believers followed Peter’s hypocrisy, and even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. Once you have this question in mind then all the subsequent proof of the twelve’s ultimate rejection that Paul was truly in prophetic contact with the true Jesus makes sense. 13. The debate with Paul, who often deflects charges he is "lying," was over the proof text Paul, 16. (Grace does not necessarily save you in Jesus’ view but means when God’s favor / grace is upon you.) Peter could not and did not understand Paul’s message because, like it was stated earlier, Jesus Christ selected Peter as an apostle of the nation Israel (Matthew 10:5-7; Galatians 2:9). After the Jesus of Damascus visited Paul on a road outside Damascus, Paul rushed to Jerusalem to see the 12 Apostles to tell them what happened. Proof for this is even in the pages of the NT. Christians think that the apostles and Paul were preaching the same doctrine and everyone believed in the divine Jesus who came to be crucified for the sins of the world. (3) Since Paul is an apostle, his epistles are the inspired Word of God. ", 19. How do we know the Ebionites were the Jerusalem Church under the twelve? 2:10 (”depths”) in disapproving fashion as what the false prophetess Jezebel relies upon to teach it is ok to eat meat sacrificed to idols (see Revelation & Paul), which Paul does give permission to eat at least 2x. For a full discussion, see our article, Apostasy is a charge that one is violating Deuteronomy 13:1-10 where one with true prophecy and signs and wonders is a false prophet solely because one tries to "seduce" and "turn away" another from "the Law given you" -- implicitly in context the Ten Commandments. In the Greek Septuagint translation of the Bible from 257 BC, the Hebrew word for "seduce" or "turn away" is translated in Greek in Deut 13:10 as the active verb form of "apostasia" meaning to "turn away." The exceptions are few where Paul says something was given by revelation, a trance, vision, etc. For a full discussion, see our article, The 12 Refused Paul Letters of Commendation. 12. Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. See also Eisenman on Paul (detailing proofs that Paul did not receive apostolic letters of recommendation, based upon 2 Cor. How do we know? Paul Never Served as A Messenger of Meaningful Words from Christ, Letters of Recommendation in Early Church. First, James, the Bishop of Jerusalem and brother of Jesus (Gal. (Eusebius, Hist. (James 2:24 RSV.) Luke records no positive apostolic response in, 5. What was that? Finally, the Ebionites preserved 1st century writings into the 2d of their opinions about Paul by writing the Clementine Homolies and Recognitions of Clement. As a result of their repeated and unique support, Paul directly and publicly acknowledges their generosity. See Acts 22:14-22. 9. Significantly, Titus, non-Jewish though he was, was not required to be circumcised. First, look how tight the connection is between Acts 21:21 where James tells Paul that he heard Paul was an "apostate," and then after Paul's deflects James' concern by performing a Mosaic law vow, the Ebionites find Paul is an "apostate" against the Mosaic Law. They encouraged us to keep preaching to the Gentiles, while they continued their work with the Jews. 9:1-2 when read together with 2 Cor. The accusation is frivolous. of the Church 3.27.). 11 But when Peter came to Antioch, I had to oppose him to his face, for what he did was very wrong. Hence, Jesus in Revelation 2:1-14 condemned twice Paul's authority and teachings in just 14 verses. This is the P46 manuscript. Paul pitted one verse of the Bible against another. 1:19, "Other apostles of the Lord, I saw none except James, the brother of the Lord. What was that? 1:19) -- asks Paul to reassure everyone that Paul is not guilty of ", 12. 6-10 As for those who were considered important in the church, their reputation doesn’t concern me. 4 Even that question came up only because of some so-called believers there—false ones, really[b]—who were secretly brought in. To understand the authority of the apostles' teachings, we must understand who apostles were, the nature and purpose of their work, and how they became apostles. 3:1.). In Acts 21:21, this James known as James the Just -- who was one of the "apostles" in Paul's mind (see Gal. Remember that Paul is dealing with false teachers who are undermining his authority, claiming that the other apostles commissioned him, not the Savior Himself. God did this so that the Holy Spirit could make the Gentiles into a holy offering, pleasing to him” (Romans 15:16, CEV). Now this same passage was used by Paul twice as a proof text for faith alone. The early church commentators and Second Peter spoke of Paul's "wisdom," not his inspiration. We wanted to preserve the truth of the gospel message for you. [Page 125.] For these reasons, a Paul-defender, Paul Renan in St. Paul (1875) at 220 said Apostle John's book of Revelation was a "cry of hatred against Paul and his friends." However, this too disowns the authority of the true Jesus as Lord and Master who speaks contrarily. I identified myself completely with him. 6:9-10 and Gal 5:19-21. (, - apparently 14 years after this 3 year visit, according to. (See Greek tab.). Also, in Revelation 2:20, Jesus quotes Paul's words in 1 Cor. In addition, around 68 AD (some say 97 AD ) Apostle John wrote Revelation, in which Jesus spoke in clear language in Rev. [Page 131.]. 12. 2:14 condemned likewise the person teaching it is ok to eat meat sacrificed to idols. See, 2. 9 In fact, James, Peter,[c] and John, who were known as pillars of the church, recognized the gift God had given me, and they accepted Barnabas and me as their co-workers. Many proofs. For they walk in the way of Cain, and abandon themselves for the sake of gain to Balaam’s error, and perish in Korah’s rebellion. Incidentally, this means also that the primary Dead Sea Scroll document at issue -- known as the Damascus Document -- is further proof of the apostolic rejection of Paul. 23. Christ’s life showed me how, and enabled me to do it. 8:4-12. 2. Luther said put the 'dunce cap on me' if you can reconcile this with Paul, viz., Romans 4:3-5 or Ephesians 2:8-9. Thus, it is no surprise that Jerome, the famous translator of the Latin Vulgate during the late 300s, explained Galatians 2:10 meant to signify the apostolic Jerusalem church depicted in Acts 2 also known as the Ebion aka the Poor: "Jerome's more historically correct reading for whom the 'poor' here [is meant to refer to] are the Jewish believers of Acts 2:44-5...." (Stephen Cooper, Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians (Oxford: 2005) at 277.). The Apostle Paul was from Tarsus, which was a Roman territory. You refrain only if such a “weak” minded brother might see you exercising the right to eat meat sacrificed to idols, and violates his "weak" conscience. Augustine said this carelessness was due to adopting "faith alone" from reading Paul's verses that support such a view. There Paul also met James, the brother of Jesus, but no other apostles. On the other hand, Jesus Christ selected Paul to minister to the Gentile, non-Jewish world. 7 Instead, they saw that God had given me the responsibility of preaching the gospel to the Gentiles, just as he had given Peter the responsibility of preaching to the Jews. Galatians 2 New Living Translation (NLT) The Apostles Accept Paul. Luther and many pro-Paul scholars admit Paul's Epistle to the Galatians reflects (1) Paul's putting down the leading apostles, intending us to understand they are "false apostles" who teach "another Jesus" than Paul (see Paul Knew the 12 Taught Another Jesus); and (2) the 12 apostles had refused to give him a commendation in writing as Paul had hoped. In particular, we must consider whether or not Paul possessed the qualifications and authority of an apostle equally with the other apostles.Apostleship involved all the following things: Paul did not get the gospel from Jerusalem. Their ulterior motive was to reduce us to their brand of servitude. Copyright © 1993, 2002, 2018 by Eugene H. Peterson. We can now deduce Paul meant the "Poor" -- capital "P" -- representing the EBION of Jerusalem. “For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not, even that which he hath shall be taken away.” (Matt. The earliest church that traces to the 12 apostles known as the Ebion -- the Poor -- did exclude Paul from canon -- a well-known fact that is generally ignored. Paul complies, and says nothing to dissuade James' confidence that Paul is not an apostate from the Law. 2:8-9) rather than God's pleasure. 2. Paul Versus the Disciples. [e] It is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me. Conservative Christians in particular are taught … What was that? 1:19). 2 Then fourteen years later I went back to Jerusalem again, this time with Barnabas; and Titus came along, too. Paul’s mission was to proclaim the gospel to the Gentiles: “He chose me to be a servant of Christ Jesus for the Gentiles and to do the work of a priest in the service of his good news. 19-21 What actually took place is this: I tried keeping rules and working my head off to please God, and it didn’t work. See JWO ch. God isn’t impressed with mere appearances, and neither am I. The Apostle Paul Did Not Confer With "Flesh & Blood" Galatians 1 & 2 . See our article at this link. Only 7 of the 13 letters, however, can be accepted as being entirely authentic (dictated by Paul himself). Why? We know from Paul’s letters that not all of the disciples and their followers had complete faith in that claim, so there was some suspicion right off the bat. Finally, Jude compares this teacher and his followers with Korah's rebellion. Paul's Conversion. These apostles did not ordain Paul to become an apostle, nor did they “assign” him to the task of evangelizing the Gentiles, but they simply acknowledged that he already was an apostle with that specific calling. Since he did not receive the gospel from Jerusalem, he did not need In line with the Apostolic decision to exclude Paul, in, In this epistle, James expressly refutes salvation is by faith alone, without works. In Acts 23 we have mention of Paul’s father … (2) Peter’s words indicate he wants us to regard Paul as more than a mere teacher: Paul is an apostle like he and the other disciples (or apostles) chosen by our Lord. The conversion of Paul the Apostle (also the Pauline conversion, Damascene conversion, Damascus Christophany and The Road to Damascus event), was, according to the New Testament, an event in the life of Paul the Apostle that led him to cease persecuting early Christians and to become a follower of Jesus.It is normally dated to AD 34–37. This is because Paul many times makes clear he does not generally write under inspiration. These works contend Peter realized that Paul - obviously revised after 325 AD by the corrupting hand of the Catholic historical editor Rufinus to be named as "Simon Magus" rather than Paul -- followed a different Christ, and was the enemy who teaches against the Law, and invites Christians to eat meat sacrificed to idols as long as not eaten in front of a Christian who thinks it is wrong. 4. See link. It was eating meat sacrificed to idols (Rev. This term means "unrestrained by law / lawless.". 2 I went there because God revealed to me that I should go. 2 at 684 (PDF)). 14 But when I saw that they were not maintaining a steady, straight course according to the Message, I spoke up to Peter in front of them all: “If you, a Jew, live like a non-Jew when you’re not being observed by the watchdogs from Jerusalem, what right do you have to require non-Jews to conform to Jewish customs just to make a favorable impression on your old Jerusalem cronies?”. 6:3-6 NIV.) Here’s the situation. This requires developing an "I can through Christ " attitude. While we were in conference we were infiltrated by spies pretending to be Christians, who slipped in to find out just how free true Christians are. The Apostles Accept Paul. This name meant The Poor in Hebrew from EBION meaning 'the poor.' 4. 11:13-15 in Eisenman on Paul in New Testament Code. It is no longer important that I appear righteous before you or have your good opinion, and I am no longer driven to impress God. See link. 10:28-29; 1 Cor. Is it not clear to you that to go back to that old rule-keeping, peer-pleasing religion would be an abandonment of everything personal and free in my relationship with God? 11:13-15 and 2 Cor. Philip Schaff) (1891) vol. Proof for this is even in the pages of the NT. Contentment means accepting things the way they are — in other words, not wanting anything more or different. See 2 Peter 3:15-18 (Paul speaks with "wisdom" in words "dysnoetas" = "nonsensical" "difficult to understand.") 17 But suppose we seek to be made right with God through faith in Christ and then we are found guilty because we have abandoned the law. ", 6. Unfortunately, the rest of the Jews in the Antioch church joined in that hypocrisy so that even Barnabas was swept along in the charade. This strange fact is discussed in full at this link. ), 16. 2:1 (Barnabas with him); 2:6 -- Paul is brought to Jerusalem by Barnabas, and introduced to the twelve. Paul's overthrow of Moses' rule over even Israel in Romans 7:1-7, and Paul’s exclusion of the Law ever applying to Gentiles at all, is in Romans 7:1-7 as well, and in many other places. Paul's writings prior to the 300s AD were found only in a separate booklet -- not attached to any gospel, or any epistle of anyone else. But for true Christians, this was our Savior's words warning us about Paul, not apostle John expressing hate. See James 2:14-24. Augustine then explains Apostle Peter says that due to that flaw, many "ignorant and unstable" fell from Christ into Lawless lives. See our article at this, 8. This is the P46 manuscript. 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