There are nearly 500 plant species on the islands. This difference is creating a major problem for the islands and the natural species that inhabit them. Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. This … Lava gulls have dark grey feathers with a subtle white outline. The Galapagos Islands were discovered in 1535 by the bishop of Panama, Tomás de Berlanga, whose ship had drifted off course while en route to Peru.He named them Las Encantadas (“The Enchanted”), and in his writings he marveled at the thousands of large galápagos (tortoises) found there. They breed only on the Galapagos Islands and Isla de la Plata which is closer to the mainland. 1-800-590-1161 Search Menu. More than 20% of the marine species in Galapagos are found nowhere else on earth. If you love beach adventures, the Galapagos also has beautiful beaches. The marine iguana is also extremely unusual, since it is the only iguana adapted to life in the sea. Males are larger than females, with adults of both sexes ranging between 60 … 4 SPECIES FOUND ONLY IN THE GALÁPAGOS Floreana Island, Galápagos Floreana Island, Galápagos is the sixth largest island within the Galápagos archipelago and lies 1,000 km off the coast of Ecuador. About 80% of the land birds you will see, 97% of the reptiles and land mammals, and more than 30% of the plants are endemic. It has oval leaves and is found in the islands of Pinta, Fernandina, San Cristóbal, Isabela, Santiago and Santa Cruz. The plant normally only flowers after heavy rains. Much like the people who came to live in the Galápagos, the plants that found a home in the islands had to be hardy types. Diet: Crustaceans, water plants Conservations: Least Concern. Galapagos Islands Fruits: Guayaba. The Marine Equana too is found only on some islands of the Galapagos Archipelago. From birds to reptiles to marine life, the Galapágos Islands boast some of the highest percentages of species found only on these islands. They are found in the Pacific Ocean, almost 1,000 km from the coast of Ecuador in South America. These rugged, plant “pioneers” crossed oceans to get here — carried as seeds by birds (about 60 percent), by wind (about 31 percent), or by rafting in (about 9 percent). Prickly pears are also known as tuna (fruit), sabra, nopal (paddle, plural nopales) from the Nahuatl word nōpalli for the pads, or nostle, from the Nahuatl word nōchtli for the fruit; or paddle cactus. The Galapagos Flamingo is the world’s smallest flamingo species. Floreana Mockingbird. They are large reptiles weighing up to 40 kilos and are unique because despite being land-dwelling reptiles, they forage for food underwater. 1-800-590-1161 Contact Earn free travel Log in/Register. One of the best-known is the Galápagos tortoise, which lives on seven of the islands.It has an average lifespan of more than 150 years. This means that their seeds could have floated over the air, floated across the sea, or birds could have dispersed them. In 1978, the Galápagos were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Galapagos cotton, or Darwin’s cotton, is a shrub endemic to the Galapagos Islands. There are thirteen major islands and a handful of smaller islands that make up the Galápagos archipelago. Enjoy sun, sand, and ten of the most unique animals of the Galágapos Islands. The Galápagos Islands are a chain of islands, or archipelago, in the eastern Pacific Ocean.They are part of the country of Ecuador, in South America. The marine iguana feeds exclusively on the inter- and subtidal algae. The Marine Iguana can actually dive in the water up to depths of 9m and can be found in practically all of the rocky shores of the islands. Flightless Cormorant: The Galapagos Islands are the only place in the world where cormorants have lost the ability to fly. Scalesia plants account for 15 of the 180 endemic species of flora in Galapagos. Some of which have become invasive, such as blackberry Rubus niveus). The terms used to describe them are endemic, native and introduced. Introduced in 1968, this non-native species is considered one of the worst weeds affecting the islands. This species of Iguana is found only in the Galapagos Islands and actually forages for food underwater which is unique for any kind of iguana. All the plants on the Galapagos Islands came from elsewhere. The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago or group of islands that have been created by volcanoes. Because of the islands’ isolation and remoteness, many of these species are found only in the Galápagos and have not changed much since prehistoric times. There are only 500 native and endemic species. In other places it is usually white or red. The iguana can dive nearly 30 feet in the water. Tournefortia pubescens . The Passion flower plant is a type of flora which is located in the Galapagos Islands and adds to the beauty of the island, making it look attractive to tourists. Although he was only in the Galapagos for five weeks in 1835, it was the wildlife that he saw there that inspired him to develop his Theory of Evolution. This place is the reason for many travellers and ornithologists to observe the spectacular and diverse amount of birds of the Galapagos. Tours. Blog Destinations 9 animals you’ll only find in the Galápagos. You’ll also glimpse Galapagos Dove populations throughout the islands during your guided eco-tours. Discover the full list here. Here are 11 awesome native animals you can find only … The reptiles can be spotted basking in the sun on the shores, marshes and mangrove beaches of the islands. Some of the oldest plants on the Galapagos islands are related to Dandelions, these are the Scalesia trees. The island of Isabela is the largest of Galapagos' islands, with its shape resembling a seahorse. The Galápagos’ famous marine iguanas, albatross and giant tortoises continue to amaze scientists and delight tourists. With around 350 left in the wild, they’re listed as Endangered by the IUCN, and are one of the most endangered of all Galapagos Islands animals. The Galapagos Islands are a diverse landscape that houses many different species. They are usually grey in colour but during mating season, change colour to green or red. New. 9 animals you’ll only find in the Galápagos. Plants of the Galápagos Vegetation Zones. Many unique species occur in great concentrations. What’s the difference? Its flowers are a bright yellow colour, and are the largest flowers of any endemic or native plant in the Islands. It is the official flower for the Galapagos islands. Endemic animals are only found in Galapagos: the marine iguana is one example. Destinations. Visitors to the Galapagos Islands will hear their guides talk about three different types of animals and plants. However, such plants are depauperate as only a few succeed to do so, in comparison to the mainland of South America. Therefore, adaptation and evolution produced endemism in the Galapagos Islands, and also that certain species of plants can only be found in this specific place. This small island is one of the most important fishing sites for Marine Birds. Known popularly as Guayabillo or Guava of Galapagos. Its flowers are small, white and little showy. 1. Isabela's unique shape is the result of a total of six volcanoes merging and at the same time seems to reflect the islands rich wildlife, which is among the most diverse in all of the Galapagos. 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