The new nation becomes known as the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The north coast and lowlands, lying west of the Andes and north of the road from Manta to Quevedo, are among the most culturally – and biologically – diverse regions of the country. It also includes the lowland forests of the Island of Bioko. Tourist amenities and attractions here are limited, and the majority of people who travel to this region come to visit the ancient Mayan ruins at Lamanai. Northern cameroons definition, See under Cameroons (def. Switzerland. 7 Bell Yard, London WC2A 2JR, United Kingdom The Cameron Highlands is the name of a scenic hill station in the state of Pahang in Malaysia which dates from the 19th century. 2). Southeast Cameroon has more beaches and virgin forests that are home to the lowland gorillas and the pygmy ethnic group. Cameroon (kăm'əro͞on`), Fr. Cameroon is divided between 4 biomes: the Sahel biome in the extreme north of the country; the remaining northern parts of the country fall within the Sudan-Guinea Savanna biome; all lowland forests form part of the Guinea-Congo Forests biome; and Mount Cameroon and the western highlands form part of the Afro-tropical Highlands biome. The lowland forest region—between about 2°N and 6°N the country is almost entirely covered in Guineo–Congolian rainforest. This hot, arid region contains savanna scrub and grass. Broad areas of low, rolling hills bear little vegetation on their thin soils; other areas are flat, marked here and there by scattered outcrops or hills of resistant rock rising above the general erosional level. A small number of Shuwa Arabs live near Lake Chad. A hundred kilometres down the coast from San Lorenzo, the rough oil-refining port of Esmeraldas lies just north of the area’s best-known beach resorts, the biggest and brashest of which is Atacames, famous for its bars and nightlife and jam-packed during summer months and holidays with serranos seeking sunshine and warm waters. Park safeguards western lowland gorillas, chimps, elephants, and other wildlife NEW YORK (February 18, 2009)—Gorilla population surveys, conducted by the Wildlife Conservation Society, have helped the government of Cameroon create a new national park which will protect more than 600 gorillas, along with other threatened species such as chimpanzees, forest elephants, buffaloes, and bongo. The Spanish soon began to wear them to stave off the sun’s glare, praising their lightness, coolness and even their ability to carry water, due to the hat’s ultra-fine weaving, but changed the shape into more conventional European styles. Central plateaus are savannah grasslands. Southern Cameroon is inhabited by speakers of Bantu and Semi-Bantu languages. The northernmost area of the country extends into Lake Chad, where the borders of Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon intersect. It is drained by two rivers- Amu Darya and Syr Darya. Location and General Description. An extensive area including some 96,000 square miles (250,000 square kilometers), the Maya lowlands are located in the northern part of Central America, in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize, at sea level elevations from 25 feet (7.6 meters) to approximately 2,600 ft (800 m) above sea level. CAMEROON. Northern Lowlands The Guanacaste and Central Volcanic mountain ranges give way to the northeast to rolling plains that rarely rise above a few hundred feet. Even the people seem different; you’ll notice a much more relaxed and uninhibited atmosphere than in the sierra, further enhanced by a unique blend of Afro-Ecuadorian and indigenous Chachi and Tsáchila cultures. Park safeguards western lowland gorillas, chimps, elephants, and other wildlife NEW YORK (February 18, 2009)—Gorilla population surveys, conducted by the Wildlife Conservation Society, have helped the government of Cameroon create a new national park which will protect more than 600 gorillas, along with other threatened species such as chimpanzees, forest elephants, buffaloes, and bongo. In northern Africa, the Mediterranean zone is mostly the region of folded mountains at the northwestern extremity of the continent. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. Besides Lamanai, this region is where you’ll find the towns of Orange Walk and Corozal. A small number of Shuwa Arabs live near Lake Chad. Copyright © 2020 Apa Digital AG, all rights reserved. This is the Arenal & Northern Lowlands chapter from Lonely Planet’s Costa Rica guidebook. The toquilla plant can grow up to 6 metres high after three years, but the best leaves are newer shoots harvested from around the base in monthly cycles. The Bamileke occupy the northwest and western highlands of Cameroon. While there is little to do in Corozol, it is a clean, well-maintained town with friendly locals. The country’s coast, on the Bight of Bonny, is part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. This is one of the least traveled regions in Belize. The less-developed beach centres are a bit further afield, including the car-free sand-bar island of Muisne, 40km down the coast, and the laid-back surfing zone of Canoa, more than 150km south; between them, many tranquil, deserted beaches and hideaway hotels dot the coastline. The largest ecoregion of the Congo Basin is the northeastern Congolian lowland forest, located in the eastern part of DRC and reaching into southern Central African Republic. West of the Congo basin are the fragmented forests of the Guinea lowlands of West Africa; to the east lie the highlands of the Albertine Rift, also known as the Afromontane forests, and beyond this, the Acacia-Commiphora bushlands of. North America - North America - The lowlands: Irregular ridges of coarse morainic deposits mark the outer limits of the advance of the Cordilleran ice sheets, which swept down preexisting river valleys in the Rockies. It combines excellent wildlife and bird viewing opportunities with a fascinating history lesson of one of the country’s most impressive Mayan cities. A coastal lowland belt runs from the Atlantic coast to Egypt. Bibliographic reference: Upton K, Ó Dochartaigh BÉ and Bellwood-Howard I. Cameroon has four patterns of drainage. It spans the area east and west of the Northern Highway up to the Mexican border. 10 great places to go walking in Scotland, Why you should visit Eastern Europe this winter. Northern Lowlands. The highlands were founded by a British colonialist named Sir William Cameron and were named after him, and were modeled on a traditional English village. SECTION CAMEROON (a) Briefly describe the characteristics of the climate of the Northern Lowlands and the Coastal Lowlands of Cameroon. This bird-rich nation forms the inter-grade between West and Central Africa and harbors a wide range of habitats, ranging from steamy lowland rainforest to Sahelian semi-desert. This is the Sahel, a red and ochre and yellow and brown rolling sea of dust, dirt and strange, utterly beautiful hills and pinnacles of rock, crisscrossed by the dry wind, the thin strides of Fulani people and the broad steps of their long-horned cattle. The town of Orange Walk has a few options, and the most appealing are located on the New River, or outside of town at one of the area’s jungle lodges. Ecuador's Finest: Cloud Forest to the Galápagos, Wild Ecuador: From the Amazon to the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador's Cultural Cities and the Galapagos Islands, 20 of the world's most impressive natural phenomena, 20 essential food and drink experiences across the globe, Exploring Quichua culture in Ecuador's highlands, 20 destinations to see before they disappear, Plan your tailor-made trip with a local expert, Travel stress-free with local assistance and 24/7 support. The Frío, San Carlos, Toro and Sarapiquí rivers snake north across the lowlands overflowing their banks to form seasonal lakes and wetlands. Temperatures r… The Maya lowlands region is where the Classic Maya civilization arose. In the mid-nineteenth century, straw hats from Ecuador were traded in Panama along with vast quantities of other goods and quickly became a favourite with gold prospectors and labourers on the Panama Canal. The hats are then pulled over wooden blocks and ironed with more sulphur powder, then blocked into final shape by hand, which is more of an art than it sounds; most hats are now steam pressed by machine into shape in a few seconds. Northern region of Cameroon include; 1972-1973, 1082-1982 and 1987-1988. Unlike the dry and scrubby shoreline to the south, the much lusher north enjoys high levels of rainfall, especially during the wet season (Dec–May), when monthly precipitation averages 300mm, but can easily reach 600mm; this can mean road washouts and travel disruption, so plan ahead. The brim is woven and tightened and the excess straw trimmed before the hats are washed, dried and softened with a mallet, while more sulphur powder is beaten into the fibres to bleach it before another final trim. The aim of the Cameron Highlands was to provide residents in the lowlands with some respite during the … The making of a highest-grade superfino takes several months and as many mastercraftsmen, the last experts of a dying art; perhaps it’s no wonder the very best hats can fetch more than $10,000 in the US. West of Maroua the scattere… Use Rough Guides' trusted partners for great rates. Corozal is a pleasant seaside town at the very northern end of Belize. The Republic of Cameroon is a west African country bordered by Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south, and Nigeria to the west. Mount Cameroon is the highest point. See the region’s main attraction: that now-dormant volcano, surrounded by old lava fields, bubbling hot springs and a stunning lake. Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK Dr Imogen Bellwood-Howard, Institute of Development Studies, UK Please cite this page as: Upton, Ó Dochartaigh & Bellwood-Howard, 2018. Another road, which should be completed by the time you read this, will run broadly parallel between Otavalo and Quinindé, opening up communities and cloudforests hitherto too remote for casual visits. Of the several routes to the northern lowlands from the sierra, the old road from Quito to the coast, the Calacalí– La Independencia road, passes through some of the best birdwatching territory in the country, including the village of Mindo and a handful of excellent private reserves protecting some of the last remaining cloudforestsin the western Andes. The Bakassi Peninsula is a 1,554-square-kilo-meter (600-square-mile) region that includes the northern edge of the Cameroon coast and a series of islands that are believed to contain rich oil reserves. northern lowlands they are mostly groundwater, owing to the permeability of the sedimentary rocks. The cultural landscape of the northern lowlands is one of the more diverse areas in Belize. •Itineraries•Company•Blog•Animals•Facebook•Instagram•Youtube•Trustpilot, •Itineraries•Company•Insurance•Blog•Animals•Facebook•Instagram•Youtube•Trustpilot. The biggest attraction in the northern lowlands is the Lamanai Mayan ruins, known as the longest-occupied Mayan site in Belize. The northern lowlands are dominated by flat agricultural fields, small farming towns, and lowland rainforest. Bibliographic reference: Upton K, Ó Dochartaigh BÉ and Bellwood-Howard I. Downstream to the west lay the Central Congolian lowland forests, a similar area of intact, dense, humid forest. 4. This is the tallest region of the country with the Chappal Waddi height of 7,936 feet. Mount Cameroon is the highest point. The protected areas of Cameroon include national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, faunal reserves, and one flora sanctuary. Those who find themselves there can arrange deep sea fishing trips with local fishermen, or hop on a plane out to Ambergris Caye. Ethnic Groups Of Cameroon The Bamileke. Many protected areas in Cameroon are still in pristine condition, mostly because there is less tourism in Cameroon than other regions of Africa. If you would like to take photos of the people, it is best practice to ask first. The Turan Plain is the lowland located around the Aral Sea. At the southern end of the region, Bahía de Caráquez is an elegant resort town and a good base for visiting mangrove and tropical dry forests, and the lively port of Manta is the area’s economic powerhouse. No elements found. Mount Cameroon is an active volcano in the South West region of Cameroon next to the city of Buea near the Gulf of Guinea.Mount Cameroon is also known as Cameroon Mountain or Fako (the name of the higher of its two peaks) or by its indigenous name Mongo ma Ndemi ("Mountain of Greatness"). Northern region of Cameroon include; 1972-1973, 1082-1982 and 1987-1988. Large areas of Cameroon have fertile soils exploited for farming and the country has modest oil reserves. Neighbouring territories include the Far North Region to the north, the Adamawa Region to the south, Nigeria to the west, Chad to the east, and Central African Republic to the southeast. Description. Go tailor-made! This ecoregion includes the Ituri forest and several protected areas. In the south, the principal rivers are the Ntem, Nyong, Sanaga, and Wouri. In 1808, the Fulani, a nomadic Islamic people from the Sahel region of western and north-central Africa, migrated to what is now northern Cameroon, displacing the area’s largely non-Muslim population. The first conquistadors also wrote about the broad, wing-like hats the locals wore, calling them toquillas, after toca, a Spanish word for a wimple. Dzanga Sangha Reserve in the Central African Republic. This full-day tour involves traveling up the New River into the Lagoon where Lamanai is located. Other highlands extend from there, along the Nigerian border and into northern Cameroon. Only the lowlands below 1000 m are included in the Ecological Zone. ... and the band of lowlands along the 160-mile Cameroon coast consist of … It is bordered on the southwest by the Gulf of Guinea, on the northwest by Nigeria, on the northeast by Chad, on the southeast by the Central African Republic, and on the south by Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea. British Geological Survey. Douala, … Some of the relicts indicate former connections to the lowland forests of Cameroon and Gabon. Deep in the rainforest of the northern Congo Basin lies the Dzanga Sangha Reserve, a protected area home to an extraordinary variety of wildlife, from the most amazing and diverse small insects such as hunting ants and butterflies, to western lowland gorillas, chimpanzees, leopards or elephants, and a large number of birds. According to reported statistics, there were ten protected areas from 1932 to 1960. Great river valleys and coastal lowlands dominate much of Nigeria, but the massive country -- the most populous in Africa -- also encompasses rolling highlands and scattered, weathered-down mountains. This site is owned by Apa Digital AG, Bahnhofplatz 6, 8854 Siebnen, The indignant words “Genuine Panama Hat Made in Ecuador” are now stamped on hats in an attempt to reclaim sovereignty over the product without upsetting the world-renowned name. Accommodations in the region are somewhat sparse. The northernmost area of the country extends into Lake Chad, where the borders of Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon intersect. Other highlands extend from there, along the Nigerian border and into northern Cameroon. The north coast and lowlands, lying west of the Andes and north of the road from Manta to Quevedo, are among the most culturally – and biologically – diverse regions of the country. The Cameroon Volcanic Line, a mountain chain located between West and Central Africa, is a region of numerous endemic diversifications, including of puddle frogs (Phrynobatrachus). The largest ecoregion of the Congo Basin is the northeastern Congolian lowland forest, located in the eastern part of DRC and reaching into southern Central African Republic. The Frío, San Carlos, Toro and Sarapiquí rivers snake north across the lowlands overflowing their banks to form seasonal lakes and wetlands. . This is one of the least traveled regions in Belize. The northern peoples are Sudanese groups, who live in the central highlands and the northern lowlands, and the Fulani, who are spread throughout northern Cameroon. Southern Cameroon is inhabited by speakers of Bantu and Semi-Bantu languages. The northern part of the lowlands is known as the Siberian Plains which is marshy and swampy. To the north of the Congo basin and forest savannah mosaic is the Sahel Acacia Savanna, while to the south are the Miombo forest savannah woodlands. 22,835,000), 183,568 sq mi (475,442 sq km), W central Africa. Large areas of Cameroon have fertile soils exploited for farming and the country has modest oil reserves. Cameroon is a vast and diverse land; lying just north of the equator. Consider changing the search query. Around 1500 species of plants are known from the Ituri part of the ecoregion, and others are found in Maïko National Park (WWF and IUCN 1994), and elsewhere. Due to its geological and cultural diversity, it is called “Africa in miniature.” Cameroon has beaches, deserts, mountains, savannas, and rainforests. Cameroun, officially Republic of Cameroon, republic (2015 est. Broad areas of low, rolling hills bear little vegetation on their thin soils; other areas are flat, marked here and there by scattered outcrops or hills of resistant rock rising above the general erosional level. British Geological Survey. The north of Cameroon is the fringe of the world's greatest dry zone. Broad, low moraines also mark the southern limit of the larger, thicker continental sheets, which advanced south out of Canada. Due to its geological and cultural diversity, it is called “Africa in miniature.” Cameroon has beaches, deserts, mountains, savannas, and rainforests. The birds of Cameroon: a bird survey from the Febe mountain (Centre region, Cameroon) coupled with a diversity analysis confirm a higher bird diversity in mountains compared to lowlands in this region of the Congo Basin Forest Volume 4 Issue 3 - 2020 Billy Nguembock,1,2 Yollande Guehoada, 1 Sali Mahamat, 1 Esther Diane Olivia Azang Most of Northern Province is an expanse of savanna, which is useful primarily as grazing land. 2018. In-depth, easy-to-use travel guides filled with expert advice. The country’s coast, on the Bight of Bonny, is part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. History The ethnic group is composed of other related tribes with whom they share a common ancestry forming the largest group at 38% of the total population. The Cameron Highlands is the name of a scenic hill station in the state of Pahang in Malaysia which dates from the 19th century. The climate of this area is good for local forests and animals in them. Few injustices can be more galling than having your nation’s most famous export attributed to another country, yet this is what Ecuador has suffered with the “Panama hat”. The narrow neck of territory south of the lake is part of a shallow inland basin, several hundred miles wide, which extends in all directions from Lake Chad. Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK Dr Imogen Bellwood-Howard, Institute of Development Studies, UK Please cite this page as: Upton, Ó Dochartaigh & Bellwood-Howard, 2018. Downstream to the west lay the Central Congolian lowland forests, a similar area of intact, dense, humid forest. Lamanai is located in the middle of the thick jungle along the New River Lagoon, and the easiest way to reach the site is by boat from the town of Orange Walk. Even though its occurrence and origin proved it was natural, however overgrazing, farming on marginal lands (a) Briefly describe the characteristics of the climate of the Northern Lowlands and the Coastal Lowlands of Cameroon. This is the Sahel, a red and ochre and yellow and brown rolling sea of dust, dirt and strange, utterly beautiful hills and pinnacles of rock, crisscrossed by the dry wind, the thin strides of Fulani people and the broad steps of … West of Maroua the scattere… The Congolian rainforest is the world's second-largest tropical forest, spans six countries, and contains a quarter of the world's remaining tropical forest. Even though its occurrence and origin proved it was natural, however overgrazing, farming on marginal lands (8marks) Three rivers, Yenisei, Ob and Lena, drain the Siberian Plains. The northern lowlands and coast Travel Guide. The northern region votes to join Nigeria. The air is fresh, the land is lush, the atmosphere is calm and the clouds dance around you like you’re in heaven. A few hours by bus away from the highland chill seems to put you in another universe – one of steaming forests bursting with exotic plants, birds and animals, giving out to long sandy … The aim of the Cameron Highlands was to provide residents in the lowlands with some respite during the … The various ranges of the Atlas mountains are separated by plateaux and basins. We're really pleased to welcome Victoria to our team of Local Experts for Ecuador. Atlantic Equatorial Coastal Forest receives an average rainfall of 2000 mm with limited seasonality. Top Things to Do in Cameron Highlands, Pahang: See Tripadvisor's 37,521 traveller reviews and photos of 56 things to do when in Cameron Highlands. Some of the most popular national parks include Waza National park, Korup National Park, Benoue National park and Lobeke National park which is particularly famous for the western lowland gorillas of central Africa. Garoua is Cameroon's third largest port, despite the fact that the Bénoué … It might not be the most tourist-friendly region, but scoring a trip to the ruins is rarely difficult. The straw, nicknamed paja toquilla, grows between Panama and Bolivia, but only the conditions in Ecuador’s Manabí and Guayas provinces provide a suitable material for hat-making. The main arterial route heads from Quito to Santo Domingo de los Colorados, set amid a broad sea of banana and oil-palm plantations, but skirts a few tropical wet forests too, including the little-explored Reserva Ecológica Mache-Chindul, which protects coastal hills swathed in impenetrable forests. Normally to See the Mayan ruins of Lamanai Planning to travel here snake across! 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